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Andrew Lavender

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Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuries

What are Medial Colateral Ligament (MCL) Injuries?

The Medial Colateral Ligament (MCL) is one of the 4 main ligaments that hold your knee together.

It is found on the inside (Medial side) of the knee.


How is it injured?

Often it is injured while playing sport and bending your knee sidewards.

The knee usually swells up, but more on the inside.

There is often bruising on the inside of the knee.



Mr Lavender will listen to how you injured your knee and what has happened to it since the injury. He will then examine your knee.

In the first few weeks after injury your knee is often very sore and difficult to examine.

An X-ray will be needed to see if there are any Fractures (Breaks) in your knee.

Usually a MRI Scan (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan) is required to look at the ligament and the other structures within the knee.



This depends upon how bad your injury is and if anything else is damaged.

Mr Lavender will discuss the options with you and make his recommendations depending upon your circumstances.

Minor injuries to the Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) require a brace and physiotherapy.

Major injuries to the MCL usually injure other structures in the knee. These include the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) or the cartilages (Menisci). The treatment then needs to be tailored to what is injured.


Information Sheet

For more information or to gain a better understanding of the condition, download the free PDF below:

To download the Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries information sheet, right click on the PDF and choose 'Save Link As...'

Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries Information Sheet

Additional Resources

Collateral Ligament Injuries - Your Orthopaedic Connection - AAOS

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